Global deal value of upstream mergers and acquisitions drops to $87.9b in 2020 –Report
By Ikenna Omeje
A report by Rystad Energy has revealed that the global deal value of upstream mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity in 2020 dropped to $87.9 billion, which is the lowest level in over a decade, largely due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
According independent energy research and business intelligence company providing data, tools, analytics and consultancy services to the global energy industry, the United States’ shale sector was the worst hit as the acreage that changed hands was sold cheaper than any other resource type, at $1.2 dollars per barrel of oil equivalent (boe) – a historical low for the modern shale industry.
A release by Rystad said that the total M&A deal value more than halved from 2019’s $178.5 billion as the number of deals slumped from 480 in 2019 to 314 in 2020, adding that the market turbulence led to an unfavorable environment for sellers with low valuation of resources, which prompted many sellers to delay sale processes and even cancel some previously eyed transactions.
In particular, the report stated that the number of field acquisitions was negatively influenced with a drop from 349 in 2019 to just 188 in 2020. The number of license acquisitions remained more stable with 92 deals in 2020 compared to 98 in 2019.
Company acquisitions contributed strongly to the announced deal value in 2020 with 34 completed transactions, one more than in 2019. The five largest deals announced in 2020 were all company acquisitions and accounted for more than half of the total announced deal value for the upstream M&A market.
The five largest deals of 2020 also represented more than half of the total traded resources, dominated by shale and tight oil resources. While the resources in this supply segment traded at around $2.10 per barrel of oil equivalent (boe) in 2019, their traded value dropped to about $1.20 per boe* in 2020, a historical low for the modern shale era.
The decline in valuation was lower for other supply segments. Deepwater resources slipped to about $2.30 per boe last year from $2.50 per boe in 2019, while offshore shelf resources changed hands for about $2.60 per boe in 2020, down from about $2.70 per boe in 2019.
The valuation of traded resources also varied based on location, with Asia leading the way in terms of deal value per traded resource in 2020. This goes hand in hand with the fact that a high share of the deals announced in the region involved producing resources.
In Africa, Europe and South America, where most of the M&A deals in 2020 involved discovered resources, the deal value per resource was around $2 per boe. In Australia and North America, on the other hand, the deal value was around $1 per boe – mostly because the traded assets contained a higher share of undiscovered resources than other regions, and because of the share of shale and tight oil resources traded.
It further stated that overall traded resources last year decreased in all regions except North America and the Middle East when compared to 2019. The Middle East saw an increase in traded resources to 2.9 billion boe from 2.3 billion boe, while in North America, the amount increased to 44.5 billion boe from 42.9 billion boe in 2019.
“The 2020 crisis is not comparable with anything shale has gone through historically, so all companies were extremely discounted on the stock market. Yet on the bright side the environment pushed for further industry consolidation and tremendous effiiciencies,“ Senior Shale Analyst at Rystad, Alisa Lukash, said.